IQALUIT AIR TERMINAL | IQALUIT, NUNAVUT

Year Built                 Cost                    Client References

1982-1986             $ 6.0 million           Transport Canada- Mr. André Leclerc,


Project Description and Intent

The design and construction of the Air Terminal Building takes into account Arctic environment constraints as well as the numerous technical requirements of the actual building programme (2,000 m2 - passenger facilities, airline facilities, telecommunication equipment, meteorological equipment, Navaids, glide path restrictions, etc.).

The ground floor of the building is at 2.40 m above finished grade and is built over an elevated crawl space. The foundation stilts are concrete columns bearing on concrete footings, laid below the line of the active permafrost. The ground floor contains all the terminal facilities, the small second floor houses telecommunication and meteorological facilities. The only third floor facility is the FSS (Flight Service Station) tower.

Not withstanding its higher initial cost, the Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) panelized enveloppe system was selected over other systems (steel, aluminum, etc.) because of its combined high thermal resistance, strong air tightness, built-in thermal breaks, continuous rigid vapour barrier outside of structure, ease of transportation, speed of erection and extreme durability in the Arctic environment, and low maintenance.




KUUJJUAQ AIR TERMINAL | KUUJJUAQ, NUNAVIK, QC


Year Built                 Cost                 Client references

2005-2008             $ 9.0 million     Public Works and Government Services Canada Mr. André Leclerc,


Project Description and Intent

The old 1960s air terminal was no longer providing an adequate level of security to its clientele. The North being host to Canada’s fastest growing population, this growth coupled with increasing self-government and local business development, has resulted in increased passenger and cargo traffic.

Feasibility studies led to the relocation of the existing airport building and the construction of a modern terminal in its place. Such relocation allowed for ground “decontamination” and the reuse of the best location for the new air terminal. It also amounted to 1,0 million$ in savings by avoiding the demolition and rebuilding of parts of the existing runway access and tarmac. The work was phased to maintain operations in the relocated old structure, before the latter was permanently repurposed.

The New Kuujjuaq Air Terminal was designed to meet the objectives formulated by level 5 of Transport Canada STEP program (Systematized Terminal Expansion System). Built in an Inuit community of 2,500 people, the new air terminal provides 1,200 m2 on one level. The various functions are articulated along a central hall naturally lit by a clear-storey. In the shape of a blue qajaq, the building aims to promote the local Inuit culture. Its contemporary architecture has been recognized by many awards (see list below).

The Kuujjuaq Air Terminal was granted the LEED Silver certification. The application of the LEED system of values to a northern region required an important reinterpretation of certain established principles: strategies specific to the Kuujjuaq context were developed, e.g. taking into account the existing local traditions for recy- cling and reuse.

Awards:

  1. 1.2007  « Steel Construction Award » (CISC-Québec)
    PWGSC Regional Director Award, sustainable development

  2. 2.2008  Excellence Award, construction and architecture – American Galvanization Association Contech Trophée Innovation, Mention - Industrial, commercial, institutional building





PUVIRNITUQ AIR TERMINAL | PUVIRNITUQ, NUNAVIK, QC

Year Built                 Cost                           Client References

2011-                         $ 9.1 million             Transports Quebec

Project Description and Intent

Puvirnituq airport is not just a destination airport, but a hub for flights to the villages on the Hudson Bay and connections to Kuujjuaq. The existing terminal had become too small. Other works included: Apron extension, Apron lLghting and Jet blast fence.

The new 965m2 terminal is the only access and gateway to the village. The layout of the terminal was designed for this purpose, focusing on the general waiting room around which all passenger services gravitate This space will be a true public square in wich the architectural treatment, like that of the exterior envelope will feature the theme chosen by the community: the qamotik (inuit sled).

The realization of this project is a real technical challenge (northern climate, remoteness, reduced energy consumption, etc.) as well as an implementation challenge (maintaining operations during construction, coordination with other ongoing airport projects and future airport projects, etc.).